Ambulances respond to medical emergencies and help transport patients to necessary medical facilities such as hospitals. They also need to be well equipped with some primary medical equipment.

Ambulance ensures rapid arrival of the paramedics’ team or other primary responders to a medical emergency scene dispensing primary medical care and moving the patients to hospitals. Ambulances are generally manufactured in the form of pick-up trucks or vans. There may be bus or car ambulances and boats and aircraft ambulances to overcome emergencies while traveling in special cases.


Vehicle Types

Based on the seriousness of the emergency, ambulances can be classified into four types. They are classified as type I, type II, type II, type IV.

Type I ambulance is meant for providing advanced life support and carry on rescue works. They are also called the Mobile Intensive Care Unit or MICU. Heavy trucks with a compartment at the rear section are used for type I ambulances.

Type II ambulances are generally meant for providing basic life support. Still, it is very commonly noticed that they are also used for providing advanced life support and rescue and type I ambulances. Therefore, for type II ambulances, using modified heavy-duty vans is recommended.

Type III ambulances use vans, and type IV ambulances use much smaller utility vehicles where trucks or passenger vehicles face difficulty reaching. This is applicable for uncalled emergencies in commercial venues or industrial complexes, in events with large crowds, etc.

Functional Types

Ambulances are produced in such a way that they can fulfill more than one function. Some functional classifications of ambulances are noted below:

  • Emergency Ambulance- this is the most common type of ambulance constantly visible on roads. They can be vans, cars, aircraft, or even converted vehicles like a golf cart.
  • Patient Transport Ambulance- they transport patients from or between medical centers.
  • Ambulance Bus- they are mainly deployed for carrying a large number of patients together.
  • Charity Ambulance- certain kinds of ambulances are provided by charity funds to take sick children or older people admitted out on trips away from the hospital.
  • Bariatric Ambulance-these ambulances are designed with equipment and tools to carry and move extremely obese people.

Safety and Equipment

Other vehicles may or may not, but ambulances are required to offer their services twenty-four-seven round the clock. Ambulances must operate in all weather conditions ensuring the utmost safety of the patients. So certain equipment must be present in all ambulances so that they can facilitate patient care. They are:

  • Two-way radio that issues jobs to ambulances and allows communication between the hospital and the emergency scene.
  • Sometimes instead of two-way radios, mobile data terminals are fitted in ambulances that directly connect to the control centers’ central computers.
  • CCTV cameras should also be present inside an ambulance to record a patient’s behavior required for future reference.
  • A good ambulance also must carry a trail lift so that a patient can be lifted without any difficulty. The air conditioners should be in working conditions since a closed ambulance can get suffocated without the support.